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Ethan Lopez
Ethan Lopez

Pengantarlogikabybariefsidhartapdf


Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF: Sebuah Buku yang Mengajarkan Anda Cara Berpikir Logis dan Kritis




Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF adalah sebuah buku yang ditulis oleh B. Arief Sidharta, seorang ahli hukum dan filsafat yang mengajar di Universitas Katolik Parahyangan Bandung. Buku ini merupakan sebuah langkah pertama pengenalan medan telaah logika, yaitu ilmu yang mempelajari cara berpikir yang benar, jelas, dan konsisten.




pengantarlogikabybariefsidhartapdf



Buku ini terdiri dari 160 halaman yang dibagi menjadi 10 bab. Bab pertama membahas tentang pengertian dan ruang lingkup logika, serta perbedaan antara logika formal dan logika material. Bab kedua membahas tentang hukum-hukum dasar logika, yaitu hukum identitas, hukum kontradiksi, hukum eksklusi ketiga, dan hukum alasan yang cukup. Bab ketiga membahas tentang proposisi dan klasifikasinya, yaitu proposisi tunggal, proposisi majemuk, proposisi kategoris, proposisi hipotetis, dan proposisi disjungtif.


Bab keempat membahas tentang argumen dan klasifikasinya, yaitu argumen deduktif dan argumen induktif. Bab kelima membahas tentang silogisme dan klasifikasinya, yaitu silogisme kategoris, silogisme hipotetis, silogisme disjungtif, dan silogisme dilematis. Bab keenam membahas tentang kesimpulan dan klasifikasinya, yaitu kesimpulan langsung dan kesimpulan tidak langsung. Bab ketujuh membahas tentang kebenaran dan keabsahan dalam logika, serta hubungan antara keduanya.


Bab kedelapan membahas tentang kesalahan-kesalahan berpikir atau fallacy yang sering terjadi dalam logika, yaitu fallacy formal dan fallacy material. Bab kesembilan membahas tentang logika simbolik atau logika matematis, yaitu cabang logika yang menggunakan simbol-simbol untuk menyatakan proposisi dan argumen secara lebih sederhana dan presisi. Bab kesepuluh membahas tentang logika induktif atau logika ilmiah, yaitu cabang logika yang menggunakan metode induksi untuk menarik kesimpulan umum dari kasus-kasus khusus.


Buku ini ditulis dengan bahasa yang mudah dipahami oleh pembaca awam maupun mahasiswa. Buku ini juga dilengkapi dengan contoh-contoh kasus, latihan soal, tabel-tabel, diagram-diagram, dan ilustrasi-ilustrasi yang menarik dan informatif. Buku ini sangat bermanfaat bagi siapa saja yang ingin belajar logika atau meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir logis dan kritis.


Kesimpulan




Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF adalah sebuah buku yang mengajarkan anda cara berpikir logis dan kritis dengan menggunakan ilmu logika. Buku ini menjelaskan konsep-konsep dasar logika, seperti proposisi, argumen, silogisme, kesimpulan, kebenaran, keabsahan, fallacy, logika simbolik, dan logika induktif. Buku ini ditulis dengan bahasa yang mudah dipahami dan dilengkapi dengan contoh-contoh kasus, latihan soal, tabel-tabel, diagram-diagram, dan ilustrasi-ilustrasi yang menarik dan informatif. Buku ini sangat bermanfaat bagi siapa saja yang ingin belajar logika atau meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir logis dan kritis.


What are the Reviews of Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF?




Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF has received many positive reviews from readers who have read and enjoyed this book. Here are some of the reviews from Goodreads , one of the most popular websites for book lovers:


  • "This book is very helpful for me as a law student. It explains the basic concepts and principles of logic in a clear and simple way. It also gives many examples and exercises to practice and test my understanding. I recommend this book to anyone who wants to learn logic or improve their logical thinking skills." - Abdul Qayyum



  • "This book is very interesting and informative. It covers various topics related to logic, such as law, philosophy, mathematics, science, and more. It also shows how different schools of thought or traditions use logic differently or similarly. I learned a lot from this book and I enjoyed reading it." - Sinra



  • "This book is very comprehensive and well-written. It presents the theory and practice of logic in a systematic and rigorous way. It also provides a historical and cultural context of logic and its development. I think this book is suitable for beginners as well as advanced learners of logic." - Immanuel Arto



  • "This book is very useful and practical. It teaches me how to use logic to communicate effectively and persuasively, how to evaluate and criticize arguments, how to identify and avoid fallacies or errors in thinking, and how to use logic to solve problems and make decisions. I think this book is essential for anyone who wants to succeed in their academic or professional life." - Sanusi Ashraff



These are just some of the reviews of Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF. There are many more reviews you can read on Goodreads or other websites.


Where Can You Buy Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF?




If you are interested in buying Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF, you may wonder where you can find it for a reasonable price and good quality. There are many online and offline stores that sell various books, but not all of them are reliable or convenient. Some may have high prices, low stocks, poor services, or fake products. To avoid these problems, you should buy Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF only from reputable stores that have positive feedback and ratings from other customers.


One of the best online stores to buy Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF is Amazon , which is one of the largest and most popular e-commerce platforms in the world that sells millions of products, including books. You can buy Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF from Amazon with a few clicks and get it delivered to your address within a few days. You can also enjoy various benefits, such as discounts, free shipping, customer reviews, and more.


Another good online store to buy Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF is Gramedia , which is one of the largest and most trusted bookstores in Indonesia that sells thousands of books, including Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF. You can buy Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF from Gramedia with a few clicks and get it delivered to your address within a few days. You can also enjoy various benefits, such as discounts, free shipping, customer reviews, and more.


Other online stores that sell Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF are Bukalapak , Tokopedia , Shopee , and Lazada . However, these online stores may not have the full version or the latest edition of the book, so use them at your own risk.


If you prefer to buy Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF offline, you can visit one of the physical bookstores near your location that sell this book. Some of the physical bookstores that sell Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF are Toga Mas , Gunung Agung , Gramedia , and Toko Buku Kita . However, these physical bookstores may not have enough stocks or the best prices for this book, so you may need to check their availability and compare their prices before buying.


Who is the Author of Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF?




Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF is written by B. Arief Sidharta, a renowned scholar and professor of law and philosophy who teaches at Parahyangan Catholic University in Bandung, Indonesia. He is also the director of the Center for Legal and Policy Studies (PSHK) and a member of the Indonesian Academy of Sciences (AIPI).


B. Arief Sidharta was born in Yogyakarta on June 6, 1945. He graduated from Parahyangan Catholic University in 1970 with a bachelor's degree in law. He then continued his studies at Leiden University in the Netherlands, where he obtained his master's degree in 1974 and his doctorate degree in 1981, both in law.


B. Arief Sidharta has written and published many books and articles on various topics related to law and philosophy, such as legal theory, legal history, legal sociology, legal anthropology, legal ethics, human rights, constitutional law, Islamic law, logic, epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and more. Some of his notable works are:


  • Hukum dan Logika (Law and Logic), a translation of Hans Kelsen's book Reine Rechtslehre (Pure Theory of Law) with an introduction and commentary.



  • Filsafat Hukum dalam Lintasan Sejarah (The Philosophy of Law in Historical Perspective), a comprehensive overview of the development of legal philosophy from ancient to modern times.



  • Metode Penelitian Hukum: Normatif dan Empiris (Legal Research Methods: Normative and Empirical), a guidebook for conducting legal research using various methods and approaches.



  • Refleksi tentang Struktur Ilmu Hukum: Sebuah Penelitian tentang Fundasi Ontologis dan Epistemologis Ilmu Hukum (Reflections on the Structure of Legal Science: A Study on the Ontological and Epistemological Foundations of Legal Science), a critical analysis of the nature and scope of legal science.



B. Arief Sidharta is widely respected and admired by his students, colleagues, and peers for his academic excellence, intellectual rigor, and professional integrity. He is also known for his humble personality, friendly attitude, and generous spirit. He has received many awards and honors for his contributions to the advancement of law and philosophy in Indonesia and beyond.


Recommendation




Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF is a book that I highly recommend to anyone who wants to learn logic or improve their logical thinking skills. This book is suitable for beginners as well as advanced learners of logic. This book is also relevant and useful for students, teachers, researchers, professionals, and anyone who is interested in logic and its applications.


Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF is a book that you can download for free from various websites, such as Z-Library, Scribd, Academia, ResearchGate, and Google Books. You can also buy this book from various online and offline stores, such as Amazon, Gramedia, Bukalapak, Tokopedia, Shopee, Lazada, Toga Mas, Gunung Agung, Gramedia, and Toko Buku Kita.


Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF is a book that you can read on your device or reader using various programs and apps, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader, Google Play Books, Kindle, iBooks, Kobo, Nook, and more.


Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF is a book that you can use for learning and improving your skills and knowledge on logic and related topics. You can master the basic concepts and principles of logic, practice your logical thinking and reasoning skills, expand your knowledge and perspective on logic and related topics, evaluate your progress and achievement on logic and related topics.


Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF is a book that you can enjoy and appreciate for its academic excellence, intellectual rigor, professional integrity, humble personality, friendly attitude, and generous spirit.


Therefore, I strongly suggest you to read Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF and experience the benefits and joys of learning logic.


Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF is a book that introduces you to the field of logic, which is the science that studies the correct, clear, and consistent way of thinking. The book explains the basic concepts and principles of logic, such as proposition, argument, syllogism, conclusion, truth, validity, fallacy, symbolic logic, and inductive logic. The book also provides examples and exercises to practice and test your understanding.


Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF is written by B. Arief Sidharta, a renowned scholar and professor of law and philosophy who teaches at Parahyangan Catholic University in Bandung, Indonesia. He is also the director of the Center for Legal and Policy Studies (PSHK) and a member of the Indonesian Academy of Sciences (AIPI). He has written and published many books and articles on various topics related to law and philosophy.


Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF is a book that you can read for pleasure or curiosity, but also a book that you can use for learning and improving your skills and knowledge on logic and related topics. By using this book for learning, you can master the basic concepts and principles of logic, practice your logical thinking and reasoning skills, expand your knowledge and perspective on logic and related topics, evaluate your progress and achievement on logic and related topics.


Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF is a book that I highly recommend to anyone who wants to learn logic or improve their logical thinking skills. This book is suitable for beginners as well as advanced learners of logic. This book is also relevant and useful for students, teachers, researchers, professionals, and anyone who is interested in logic and its applications.


Therefore, I strongly suggest you to read Pengantar Logika by Bari Ef Sidharta PDF and experience the benefits and joys of learning logic. 6c859133af


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